Java classic basic project -- project requirements specification of student educational administration system

Requirements specification for project initiation of Java classic basic project student educational administration system

1, Demand background

The system design of student educational administration system takes convenience, quickness and safety as the starting point, abandons the defects and deficiencies of traditional manual records on student information management, and adopts a new way to enable the school to store and maintain student information and increase management efficiency.

  This system is generally an educational administration student management system, and gives administrators many functions to operate this system, including: student management, group management, class management and so on; Through the design of these functional modules, the functions required by teachers to control students' information are met.

  System adoption b/s(browser/The server) Three-tier structure, the production of dynamic pages adopts JSP+Ajax Technology, in order to realize the safety and reliability of the management system and consider that some codes can be reused, it is adopted when encapsulating the important codes of the program Java Bean. The system implements the people-oriented idea and has high practicability.

2, Product objectives

   The management of student information has become more and more huge and cumbersome, and the efficiency is also low. In order to make full use of the convenience brought by the Internet, better improve the efficiency of teaching management, and make it more convenient for students and teaching staff to carry out information query activities, this teaching management system is specially developed. The software logs in to the system through authority identification, and the functions enjoyed by different authorities are different, so as to realize the daily management of student information.

3, Project introduction of student educational administration system:

1. Development environment

classificationnamelanguages
operating systemwindows10Simplified Chinese
Database platformMySQL Server 8.0+
application server apache-tomcat-8.5.71
java development toolsidea
framemybatis/Struts2
entry nameStudent educational administration system
implementation technique Struts 2 + mybatis + MySQL + servlet + jQuery + Ajax + JS + Maven and other technologies

2. The overall function of Baizhi educational administration system

Serial numberModule namemajor function
1Student management moduleAdd student information, delete student information, modify student information, query student information, download new student information, and display student information in pages
2Group management moduleAdd group information, delete group information and display group specific information
3Class management moduleAdd class information, delete class information and display class information
4Label management moduleAdd tags, delete tags, display tags
5Urban management moduleAdd city, delete City
6Login registration moduleLogin and registration (permission identification)

(3) User role description

Role nameRole descriptionFrequency of use
userIt is mainly the monitor and head teacher of each class (only students can be viewed, and there is no permission to operate other functions)in
administratorsAs a system administratorhigh

4, Specific needs

1. Functional division

  The overall function of the system is B/S Structural Windows Application!

2. Overall functional framework of the project

3. Conceptual data model CMD

CMD is a model of the relationship between entities (designed using PdShell)

1. The number of tables is related to the module    Table 6
2. Confirmation field
       User table: id User name password role
       City Table: id Address name
       Label sheet: id Tag name, tag creation time, tag type
       Class table: id Class name, class Logo(Picture path)
       Group table: id Group name, creation time
       Student form: id Name, birthday, QQ´╝îTelephone, constellation, Zodiac
3. Confirm relationship
     relationship:
        student-Class:    Many to one foreign key columns are added to the student table  clazz_id
        student-Group:    Many to one foreign key columns are added to the student table  gropu_id
        student-Employment City: Many to one foreign key columns are added to the student table  city_id
        student-label:    Many to many intermediate table (relational table)
        class-label:    Many to one foreign key columns are added to the class table  clazz_id
        class-group:    One to many foreign key columns are added to the group table  group_id

5, Functional requirements

1. User login / registration section

(1) User / administrator table design (t_user)

fieldtypePrimary keyconstraintremarks
idintyesSelf increasingID
usernameVarchar(40)not null uniqueThe user name (unique) is implemented using Ajax
passwordVarchar(40)not nullPassword, encrypted with Md5
roleintnot nullRole: 0 administrator 1 user
codeVarchar(100)Activation code
emailVarchar(50)not nullMailbox, non repeatable
statusintActivation status: 0 inactive, 1 active, 2 invalid

Note: after registering, the mailbox user sends an email to the registered user. After activation, you can log in with this account, otherwise the registration will be invalid

--User table
create table t_user(
  id int primary key auto_increment,
  -- Where the user name passes Ajax Judge whether the registered query user name is repeated
  username varchar(40) not null unique,
  password varchar(40) not null,
  --'User 0 administrator 1',
  role int not null,
  --User's mailbox! For activation use!
  email varchar(50) not null,
  --'Mail activation code',
  code  Varchar(100),
  -- 'User's activation status 0 is not activated 1 is activated',
  status  int
)


(2) Implementation of login function

1. Before the user logs in, the user name must be activated through the mailbox during registration, otherwise he cannot log in, and a prompt message is returned: the user name is entered incorrectly~~
2. If the user name is entered incorrectly, a prompt message will be returned: the user name is entered incorrectly~~
3. If the verification code is entered incorrectly    Return prompt: verification code input error~~~
4. If the user name and verification code are correct, a prompt message will be returned: the password is entered incorrectly~~

(3) Implementation of registration function

1.Due to the prototype model, the "mailbox field" is not designed, which is specially added to the user. In the specific development, the mailbox is placed under the user
2. After the registration is submitted, it will jump to the please go to the email to activate the user page
3.After successful activation, you will jump to login

Note: when entering a user, it will pass Ajax Whether the user has authentication,
     If the user name exists, you will be reminded:"User already exists, please re-enter"

(4) Function flow chart of user section

1. Register on the registration page
2. Jump to request activation page
3. Mailbox page request activation
4. After activation, jump to the activated page
5. After activation, jump to the login page

2. Urban management sector

(1) Urban management database (t_city)

fieldtypePrimary keyconstraintremarks
c_idintyesSelf increasingnumber
c_namevarchar(20)not null uniquename

Note: there is t in Studnet table_ City, so we'd better put the city table in the first table when we build the table

create table t_city(
  id int primary key auto_increment ,
  name varchar(20) not null  unique
)

(2) Urban function diagram

(3) City function details

1. Add city: you only need to add the city name and use Ajax Determine the unique city
2. Delete City: delete"city"Before the field, we must delete the students selected for employment in the current city,
             Or ask the student to modify the employment city(use Ajax Determine whether to delete)

3. Label management section

(1) Label management database design (t_mark)

fieldtypePrimary keyconstraintSerial number
m_idintyesSelf increasingnumber
m_nameVarchar(20)Non emptyname
m_timedateNon emptyCreation time
m_typeVarchar(20)Non emptyLabel type

Note: there are labels in the student table and class table. We'd better build the student table before the student table and class table

--Label table
create table t_mark(
  m_id int primary key auto_increment,
  m_name varchar(20) not null,
  m_time date,
  m_type varchar(20)
)

(2) Schematic diagram of label function

(3) Tag function details

1. Add label: add label. Pay attention to add label name and label type (label type includes: student)/Class (two types)
2. Delete tag: before deleting the tag name field, we have to modify or delete the class and class information of relevant tags selected in the corresponding student table and class table 
            (use Ajax Determine whether to delete)

4. Class management section

(1) Class database table (t_clazz)

fieldtypePrimary keyconstraintSerial number
c_idintyesSelf increasingClass ID
c_nameVarchar(20)Class name
c_logoPathVarchar(300)Class LOGO
c_mark_idVarchar(20)Foreign keyTag serial number

Note: class tag id is the foreign key of the tag table. When adding data after creating the table, make sure there is data in the tag

--Class table
create table t_clazz(
  c_id int primary key auto_increment,
  c_name varchar(20) not null,
  c_logoPath varchar(50),
  c_mark_id int
)

(2) Class page map

(3) Class function details

1. Add class: of the class id,Class label (depending on the label table), class name, class Logo(Of which class Logo (stored in the form of storage path)
2. Delete class: When deleting a tag, you need to delete the class information contained in, students, and groups
            (use Ajax Determine whether to delete)


5. Group management module

(1) Group database design (t_group)

fieldtypePrimary keyconstraintSerial number
g_idintyesSelf increasingGroup number
g_nameVarchar(20)Non emptyGroup name
g_createdatedateGroup creation time
g_clazz_idintClass id

Note: class id depends on class table. We need to add class data before adding group data

--Group table
create table t_group(
  g_id int primary key auto_increment,
  g_name varchar(20) not null,
  g_createdate date,
  g_clazz_id int
)

(2) Group function diagram

(3) Group function details

1. Add group function: the group name will be added, and then the class will be selected (the group is the foreign key of the class, and the class table needs to be created before the group table can be created)
          (Which contains student Foreign key: when adding group name: the label of students in this group will be automatically added to the group label, and the number of students in this group will be counted)
2. Delete group function: before deleting a group, you need to delete the group's studnet Delete or modify other groups, otherwise it cannot be deleted
                (use Ajax Determine whether to delete)
3.The student tag and number of students in the page display function will be displayed from the foreign key Student The class name is obtained from the class table

6. Student management section

(1) Student table database design (t_student)

fieldtypePrimary keyconstraintremarks
s_idintyesSelf increasingStudent number
s_nameVarchar(20)Non emptyfull name
s_phoneVarchar(20)Non emptyTelephone
s_qqVarchar(20)Non emptyQQ
s_ageintNon emptyAge
s_birthdaydateNon emptybirthday
s_startsVarchar(20)Constellation, which can be blank. If it is not filled in, it is blank by default
s_attrVarchar(20)Zodiac, which can be blank. If it is not filled in, it is blank by default
s_clazz_idintNon empty, foreign keyClass id (foreign key), associated class table
s_group_idintNon empty, foreign keyGroup id (foreign key), associated group table
s_city_idintNon empty, foreign keyEmployment City id (foreign key), associated city table

Note: the student table must be built finally. The student table depends on the city table, class table, label table and group table, and we can add data only after these four tables have data

  • Student label relationship table t_ sm_ Relationship (because the student and label are many to many, an intermediate table is generated)
fieldtypePrimary keyconstraintremarks
r_idintyesSelf increasingRelationship id
s_idintForeign key, non emptyStudent id
mark_idintForeign key, non emptyTag id
  • t_studnet student form
-- Student list
create table t_student(
  -- student id Primary key auto increment
  id int primary key auto_increment,
  -- Student name
  name varchar(20) not null,
  --Telephone
  phone varchar(20),
   --QQ
  qq varchar(20),
   --Age
  age int,
  -- birthday
  s_birthday date,
   --constellation
  s_starts varchar(20),
   --the Chinese zodiac
  s_attr varchar(20),
   --class id
  s_clazz_id int,
   --group id
  s_group_id int,
   --city id
  s_city_id int,
   --Student label relationship table id 
  r_id  int
)

--t_sm_relation Student label relationship table
create table t_sm_relation(
r_id int primary key auto_increment,
m_id int not null,
s_id int not null
)

(2) Student management operation diagram

(3) Student information function details

1. Add student information(**City table, class table, label table and group table can only be added after data is available** )
2. The function is to modify students and delete students
3. Display content (paging Implementation)
4. with Json Form download information
5. with QQ Or name or mobile phone number to query student information

6, Database table

1. Database table of educational administration management system

/*==============================================================*/
/* DBMS name:      MySQL 5.0                                    */
/* Created on:     2021/10/31 11:47:31                          */
/*==============================================================*/


drop table if exists m_s_fk;

drop table if exists t_city;


drop table if exists t_group;

drop table if exists t_mark;

drop table if exists t_studnet;

drop table if exists user;



/*==============================================================*/
/* Table: m_s_fk                                                */
/*==============================================================*/
create table m_s_fk
(
   m_id                 int not null auto_increment,
   s_id                 int not null,
   primary key (m_id, s_id)
);

alter table m_s_fk comment 'A tag can be selected by multiple students, and a student can select multiple tags';

/*==============================================================*/
/* Table: t_city                                                */
/*==============================================================*/
create table t_city
(
   c_id                 int not null auto_increment,
   c_name               varchar(20) not null,
   primary key (c_id)
);

alter table t_city comment 'An entity used to store city information';



/*==============================================================*/
/* Table: t_group                                               */
/*==============================================================*/
create table t_group
(
   g_id                 int not null auto_increment,
   clazz_id             int,
   g_name               varchar(20) not null,
   g_createdate         date not null,
   primary key (g_id)
);

alter table t_group comment 'Entity used to store group information';

/*==============================================================*/
/* Table: t_mark                                                */
/*==============================================================*/
create table t_mark
(
   m_id                 int not null auto_increment,
   m_name               varchar(20) not null,
   m_time               date not null,
   m_type               varchar(20) not null,
   primary key (m_id)
);

alter table t_mark comment 'Entity used to store labels';

/*==============================================================*/
/* Table: t_clazz                                               */
/*==============================================================*/
create table t_clazz
(
   clazz_id             int not null auto_increment,
    m_id                 int not null,
   c_name               varchar(20) not null,
   c_logo_path          varchar(300) not null,
   primary key (clazz_id)
);

alter table t_clazz comment 'An entity used to store class information';

/*==============================================================*/
/* Table: t_studnet                                             */
/*==============================================================*/
create table t_studnet
(
   s_id                 int not null auto_increment,
   clazz_id             int , 
   g_id                 int ,
   c_id                 int ,
   s_phone              varchar(20) not null,
   s_name               varchar(20) not null,
   s_qq                 varchar(20) not null,
   s_age                varchar(20) not null,
   s_birthday           date not null,
   s_starts             varchar(20) not null,
   s_attr               varchar(20) not null,
   primary key (s_id)
);

alter table t_studnet comment 'An entity used to store student information';

/*==============================================================*/
/* Table: user                                                  */
/*==============================================================*/
create table user
(
   id                   int not null auto_increment,
   username             varchar(20) not null,
   password             varchar(20) not null,
   role                 int,
   code                 varchar(100),
   email                varchar(50) not null,
   status               int,
   primary key (id)
);

alter table user comment 'For user login registration';

alter table m_s_fk add constraint FK_m_s_fk foreign key (m_id)
      references t_mark (m_id) on delete restrict on update restrict;

alter table m_s_fk add constraint FK_m_s_fk2 foreign key (s_id)
      references t_studnet (s_id) on delete restrict on update restrict;

alter table t_group add constraint FK_g_c_fk foreign key (clazz_id)
      references t_clazz (clazz_id) on delete restrict on update restrict;

alter table t_clazz add constraint FK_m_c_fk foreign key (m_id)
      references  t_mark(m_id) on delete restrict on update restrict;

alter table t_studnet add constraint FK_c_s_fk foreign key (c_id)
      references t_city (c_id) on delete restrict on update restrict;

alter table t_studnet add constraint FK_s_c_fk foreign key (clazz_id)
      references t_clazz (clazz_id) on delete restrict on update restrict;

alter table t_studnet add constraint FK_s_m_fk foreign key (g_id)
      references t_group (g_id) on delete restrict on update restrict;



2. To import a database table:

(1) Open the command window and enter: mysql -uroot -proot

(2) Create database tables

  1. Display the database tables currently in the database: show databases;

  2. Create database table: create database status_sys

(3) Exit the database first: exit,

(4) To import the "status_sys" file:

First put the "status_sys" file into disk E for easy import:

Command: MySQL - uroot - proot status_sys < e: \ status_sys.sql

(5) Effect display diagram

Tags: Java Maven Tomcat intellij-idea

Posted on Tue, 02 Nov 2021 20:20:31 -0400 by Robert07