Decompile HelloWorld, no longer think this program is simple

HelloWorld is the first program we wrote down. The source code is as follows:

public class HelloWorld {
    public static void main(String[] args) {
        System.out.println("Hello World!");
    }
}

We'll look back at the program in a few years, and we won't find it easy anymore.
To run any Java program, we must compile it into bytecode. Generally speaking, this bytecode has the following information: basic information of class, constant pool, definition of class method, including virtual machine instructions. We can see that bytecode is difficult for us to understand. We use the tools provided by jdk to decompile and generate some mnemonics.

javap -v HelloWorld.class 

-v will output detailed information. The following article will interpret this bytecode

Classfile /Users/zhuxuemin/IdeaProjects/jvm_code/out/production/jvm_code/HelloWorld.class
  Last modified 2020-1-11; size 534 bytes
  MD5 checksum 9b61f92903fbfa20a9aaee1114966fc1
  Compiled from "HelloWorld.java"
public class HelloWorld
  minor version: 0
  major version: 52
  flags: ACC_PUBLIC, ACC_SUPER
Constant pool:
   #1 = Methodref          #6.#20         // java/lang/Object."<init>":()V
   #2 = Fieldref           #21.#22        // java/lang/System.out:Ljava/io/PrintStream;
   #3 = String             #23            // Hello World!
   #4 = Methodref          #24.#25        // java/io/PrintStream.println:(Ljava/lang/String;)V
   #5 = Class              #26            // HelloWorld
   #6 = Class              #27            // java/lang/Object
   #7 = Utf8               <init>
   #8 = Utf8               ()V
   #9 = Utf8               Code
  #10 = Utf8               LineNumberTable
  #11 = Utf8               LocalVariableTable
  #12 = Utf8               this
  #13 = Utf8               LHelloWorld;
  #14 = Utf8               main
  #15 = Utf8               ([Ljava/lang/String;)V
  #16 = Utf8               args
  #17 = Utf8               [Ljava/lang/String;
  #18 = Utf8               SourceFile
  #19 = Utf8               HelloWorld.java
  #20 = NameAndType        #7:#8          // "<init>":()V
  #21 = Class              #28            // java/lang/System
  #22 = NameAndType        #29:#30        // out:Ljava/io/PrintStream;
  #23 = Utf8               Hello World!
  #24 = Class              #31            // java/io/PrintStream
  #25 = NameAndType        #32:#33        // println:(Ljava/lang/String;)V
  #26 = Utf8               HelloWorld
  #27 = Utf8               java/lang/Object
  #28 = Utf8               java/lang/System
  #29 = Utf8               out
  #30 = Utf8               Ljava/io/PrintStream;
  #31 = Utf8               java/io/PrintStream
  #32 = Utf8               println
  #33 = Utf8               (Ljava/lang/String;)V
{
  public HelloWorld();
    descriptor: ()V
    flags: ACC_PUBLIC
    Code:
      stack=1, locals=1, args_size=1
         0: aload_0
         1: invokespecial #1                  // Method java/lang/Object."<init>":()V
         4: return
      LineNumberTable:
        line 4: 0
      LocalVariableTable:
        Start  Length  Slot  Name   Signature
            0       5     0  this   LHelloWorld;

  public static void main(java.lang.String[]);
    descriptor: ([Ljava/lang/String;)V
    flags: ACC_PUBLIC, ACC_STATIC
    Code:
      stack=2, locals=1, args_size=1
         0: getstatic     #2                  // Field java/lang/System.out:Ljava/io/PrintStream;
         3: ldc           #3                  // String Hello World!
         5: invokevirtual #4                  // Method java/io/PrintStream.println:(Ljava/lang/String;)V
         8: return
      LineNumberTable:
        line 6: 0
        line 7: 8
      LocalVariableTable:
        Start  Length  Slot  Name   Signature
            0       9     0  args   [Ljava/lang/String;
}
SourceFile: "HelloWorld.java"
Published 24 original articles, won praise 3, visited 8827
Private letter follow

Tags: Java JDK

Posted on Sat, 11 Jan 2020 10:56:10 -0500 by zoran