OpenCV function learning 14- image and scalar addition (cv2.add)

14. Image and scalar addition (cv2.add)

The function cv2.add() is used for image addition.

Function Description:

cv2.add(src1, src2 [, dst[, mask[, dtype]]) → dst

The function cv2.add() adds two images of the same size and type, or adds an image to a scalar.

When an image is added to a scalar, the channel values of all pixels of the image are added to the channel values of the scalar respectively.

Parameter Description:

  • scr1, scr2: an image for addition, or an image and a numpy array scalar
  • dst: output image; optional; the default value is None
  • Mask: mask image, 8-bit grayscale format; For a pixel with a mask image value of 0, each channel value of the pixel corresponding to the output image is also 0. Optional. The default value is None
  • dtype: the depth of the image array, that is, the number of bits of each pixel value. Optional
  • Return value: dst, operation result image, ndarray multidimensional array

matters needing attention:

  1. There is a difference between OpenCV addition and numpy addition: cv2.add() is a saturation operation (if it is greater than 255 after addition, the result is 255), while numpy addition is a modular operation.
  2. When adding two pictures using the cv2.add() function, the size and type (number of channels) of the pictures must be the same.
  3. Use the cv2.add() function to add an image to a scalar, which refers to a 1x3 numpy array. After adding, the image turns white as a whole.

Basic routine: 1.23 image and scalar addition

# 1.23 image addition (adding with scalar)
    img1 = cv2.imread("../images/imgB1.jpg")  # Read color image (BGR)
    img2 = cv2.imread("../images/imgB3.jpg")  # Read color image (BGR)

    Value = 100  # constant
    # Scalar = np.array([[50., 100., 150.]])  # scalar
    Scalar = np.ones((1, 3), dtype="float") * Value  # scalar
    imgAddV = cv2.add(img1, Value)  # OpenCV addition: image + constant
    imgAddS = cv2.add(img1, Scalar)  # OpenCV addition: image + scalar

    print("Shape of scalar", Scalar)
    for i in range(1, 6):
        x, y = i*10, i*10
        print("(x,y)={},{}, img1:{}, imgAddV:{}, imgAddS:{}"

    plt.subplot(131), plt.title("1. img1"), plt.axis('off')
    plt.imshow(cv2.cvtColor(img1, cv2.COLOR_BGR2RGB))  # Display img1(RGB)
    plt.subplot(132), plt.title("2. img + constant"), plt.axis('off')
    plt.imshow(cv2.cvtColor(imgAddV, cv2.COLOR_BGR2RGB))  # Show imgAddV(RGB)
    plt.subplot(133), plt.title("3. img + scalar"), plt.axis('off')
    plt.imshow(cv2.cvtColor(imgAddS, cv2.COLOR_BGR2RGB))  # Show imgAddS(RGB)

Routine description 1.23:

The running results of this routine are as follows.

Shape of scalar [[150. 150. 150.]]
(x,y)=10,10, img1:[ 9  9 69], imgAddV:[159   9  69], imgAddS:[159 159 219]
(x,y)=20,20, img1:[  3 252 255], imgAddV:[153 252 255], imgAddS:[153 255 255]
(x,y)=30,30, img1:[  1 255 254], imgAddV:[151 255 254], imgAddS:[151 255 255]
(x,y)=40,40, img1:[  1 255 254], imgAddV:[151 255 254], imgAddS:[151 255 255]
(x,y)=50,50, img1:[  1 255 255], imgAddV:[151 255 255], imgAddS:[151 255 255]
  • Note the difference between "constant" and "scalar" when cv2.add() adds an image to a scalar:
  • Adding the image to a constant value only adds the blue component of channel B to the constant, while the values of channels G and R remain unchanged, so the image is blue.
  • Add the image to a scalar, "scalar" refers to a 1x3 numpy array. At this time, the B/G/R channels are added to the corresponding constants in the array, so the image is white.
  • The scalar numpy array is in the form of NP. Array ([[c1,c2,c3]]), and the constants C1, C2 and C3 can be the same or different.

Tags: Python OpenCV image processing

Posted on Mon, 08 Nov 2021 11:59:21 -0500 by Evilace