STM32F103C8T6 transplantation uCOS

1, CubeMX creates STM32F103C8T6HAL Library

1. Configure RCC

2. Configure SYS

3. Set serial port USART1

4. Set A3 and C13 as GPIO_Output is used to turn on the LED

5. Configure clock tree

6. Project creation


7. Bare metal code testing
Add the following code to the loop of the main function to make the two LED lights flash

HAL_GPIO_WritePin(GPIOA, GPIO_PIN_3, GPIO_PIN_RESET);
HAL_GPIO_WritePin(GPIOC, GPIO_PIN_13 ,GPIO_PIN_RESET);
HAL_Delay(500);
HAL_GPIO_WritePin(GPIOA, GPIO_PIN_3, GPIO_PIN_SET);
HAL_GPIO_WritePin(GPIOC, GPIO_PIN_13, GPIO_PIN_SET);
HAL_Delay(500);

2, Prepare to migrate uCOSIII source code

(1) Download the code uCOSIII source code

(2) New folder UCOSIII

1. Create a new folder named ucosiiii under the project directory, and then copy the UC CPU, UC lib and UCOS III folders to ucosiiii folder. The copied project files are as follows

2. Create two new folders under ucosiii folder: UCOS config and UCOS BSP

(3) Add file in UCOS config

Copy 8 files under \ Micrium\Software\EvalBoards\Micrium\uC-Eval-STM32F107\uCOS-III to UCOS config, as shown in the figure:

(4) Add files to UCOS BSP

Copy bsp.c and bsp.h under \ Micrium\Software\EvalBoards\Micrium\uC-Eval-STM32F107\BSP to UCOS BSP, as shown in the figure:

3, uCOSIII source code transplantation

(1) Keil project preparation

1. Copy all ucosiii files to MDK-ARM folder of HAL project

2. As shown in the figure

3. Open project

(2) Add UCOSIII files to the project

1. Click Manage Project Items

2. Create a new folder for the project as follows:

3. Add files to the newly added folders respectively

  • 3.1 click CPU - > Add files... And select the file under UC CPU and add

    Directory uC-CPU\ARM-Cortex-M3\RealView

  • 3.2 click LIB – > Add files... And select the file under UC LIB and add

    And files under UC lib \ ports \ arm Cortex-M3 \ RealView

  • 3.3PORT – > Add files... Select the file under uCOS-III\Ports\ARM-Cortex-M3\Generic\RealView and add

  • 3.4 click SOURCE – > Add files... And select the file under UCOS III \ SOURCE to add

  • 3.5 click CONFIG - > Add files... And select the file under UCOS CONFIG and add

  • 3.6 click BSP – > Add files... And select the file under UCOS BSP and add

  • 3.7 select OK after adding

  • 3.8 after addition, the items are as follows:

    4. Import file path
  • 4.1 click on the magic wand
  • 4.2 click C/C + + to import the file path at
  • 4.3 find the file you just added under the project path
  • 4.4 select ok after adding

(3) Add code for bsp.c and bsp.h

1. Find the bsp.c and bsp.h files under BSP

2.bsp.h

// bsp.h
#ifndef  __BSP_H__
#define  __BSP_H__

#include "stm32f1xx_hal.h"

void BSP_Init(void);

#endif

3.bsp.c

// bsp.c
#include "includes.h"

#define  DWT_CR      *(CPU_REG32 *)0xE0001000
#define  DWT_CYCCNT  *(CPU_REG32 *)0xE0001004
#define  DEM_CR      *(CPU_REG32 *)0xE000EDFC
#define  DBGMCU_CR   *(CPU_REG32 *)0xE0042004

#define  DEM_CR_TRCENA                   (1 << 24)
#define  DWT_CR_CYCCNTENA                (1 <<  0)

CPU_INT32U  BSP_CPU_ClkFreq (void)
{
    return HAL_RCC_GetHCLKFreq();
}

void BSP_Tick_Init(void)
{
	CPU_INT32U cpu_clk_freq;
	CPU_INT32U cnts;
	cpu_clk_freq = BSP_CPU_ClkFreq();
	
	#if(OS_VERSION>=3000u)
		cnts = cpu_clk_freq/(CPU_INT32U)OSCfg_TickRate_Hz;
	#else
		cnts = cpu_clk_freq/(CPU_INT32U)OS_TICKS_PER_SEC;
	#endif
	OS_CPU_SysTickInit(cnts);
}



void BSP_Init(void)
{
	BSP_Tick_Init();
	MX_GPIO_Init();
}


#if (CPU_CFG_TS_TMR_EN == DEF_ENABLED)
void  CPU_TS_TmrInit (void)
{
    CPU_INT32U  cpu_clk_freq_hz;


    DEM_CR         |= (CPU_INT32U)DEM_CR_TRCENA;                /* Enable Cortex-M3's DWT CYCCNT reg.                   */
    DWT_CYCCNT      = (CPU_INT32U)0u;
    DWT_CR         |= (CPU_INT32U)DWT_CR_CYCCNTENA;

    cpu_clk_freq_hz = BSP_CPU_ClkFreq();
    CPU_TS_TmrFreqSet(cpu_clk_freq_hz);
}
#endif


#if (CPU_CFG_TS_TMR_EN == DEF_ENABLED)
CPU_TS_TMR  CPU_TS_TmrRd (void)
{
    return ((CPU_TS_TMR)DWT_CYCCNT);
}
#endif


#if (CPU_CFG_TS_32_EN == DEF_ENABLED)
CPU_INT64U  CPU_TS32_to_uSec (CPU_TS32  ts_cnts)
{
	CPU_INT64U  ts_us;
  CPU_INT64U  fclk_freq;

 
  fclk_freq = BSP_CPU_ClkFreq();
  ts_us     = ts_cnts / (fclk_freq / DEF_TIME_NBR_uS_PER_SEC);

  return (ts_us);
}
#endif
 
 
#if (CPU_CFG_TS_64_EN == DEF_ENABLED)
CPU_INT64U  CPU_TS64_to_uSec (CPU_TS64  ts_cnts)
{
	CPU_INT64U  ts_us;
	CPU_INT64U  fclk_freq;


  fclk_freq = BSP_CPU_ClkFreq();
  ts_us     = ts_cnts / (fclk_freq / DEF_TIME_NBR_uS_PER_SEC);
	
  return (ts_us);
}
#endif

(4) Modify the code in gpio.c (add initialization PA3 and PC13)

void MX_GPIO_Init(void)
{

  GPIO_InitTypeDef GPIO_InitStruct = {0};

  /* GPIO Ports Clock Enable */
  __HAL_RCC_GPIOC_CLK_ENABLE();
  __HAL_RCC_GPIOD_CLK_ENABLE();
  __HAL_RCC_GPIOA_CLK_ENABLE();

  /*Configure GPIO pin Output Level */
  HAL_GPIO_WritePin(GPIOC, GPIO_PIN_13, GPIO_PIN_RESET);
	HAL_GPIO_WritePin(GPIOA, GPIO_PIN_3, GPIO_PIN_RESET);


  /*Configure GPIO pin : PC13|PA3 */
  GPIO_InitStruct.Pin = GPIO_PIN_13|GPIO_PIN_3;
  GPIO_InitStruct.Mode = GPIO_MODE_OUTPUT_PP;
  GPIO_InitStruct.Pull = GPIO_NOPULL;
  GPIO_InitStruct.Speed = GPIO_SPEED_FREQ_LOW;
  HAL_GPIO_Init(GPIOC, &GPIO_InitStruct);
	HAL_GPIO_Init(GPIOA, &GPIO_InitStruct);

}

(5) Modify the main.c file code

/* Private define ------------------------------------------------------------*/
/* USER CODE BEGIN PD */
/* Task priority */
#define START_TASK_PRIO		3
#define LED0_TASK_PRIO		4
#define MSG_TASK_PRIO		5
#define LED1_TASK_PRIO		6

/* Task stack size	*/
#define START_STK_SIZE 		96
#define LED0_STK_SIZE 		64
#define MSG_STK_SIZE 		64
#define LED1_STK_SIZE 		64

/* Task stack */	
CPU_STK START_TASK_STK[START_STK_SIZE];
CPU_STK LED0_TASK_STK[LED0_STK_SIZE];
CPU_STK MSG_TASK_STK[MSG_STK_SIZE];
CPU_STK LED1_TASK_STK[LED1_STK_SIZE];

/* Task control block */
OS_TCB StartTaskTCB;
OS_TCB Led0TaskTCB;
OS_TCB MsgTaskTCB;
OS_TCB Led1TaskTCB;

/* USER CODE END PD */

/* Private macro -------------------------------------------------------------*/
/* USER CODE BEGIN PM */

/* USER CODE END PM */

/* Private variables ---------------------------------------------------------*/

/* USER CODE BEGIN PV */

/* Task function definition */
void start_task(void *p_arg);
static  void  AppTaskCreate(void);
static  void  AppObjCreate(void);
static  void  led_pc13(void *p_arg);
static  void  send_msg(void *p_arg);
static  void  led_pa3(void *p_arg);
/* USER CODE END PV */

/* Private function prototypes -----------------------------------------------*/
void SystemClock_Config(void);
/* USER CODE BEGIN PFP */

/* USER CODE END PFP */

/* Private user code ---------------------------------------------------------*/
/* USER CODE BEGIN 0 */
/**
  * @brief System Clock Configuration
  * @retval None
  */
void SystemClock_Config(void)
{
  RCC_OscInitTypeDef RCC_OscInitStruct = {0};
  RCC_ClkInitTypeDef RCC_ClkInitStruct = {0};

  /**Initializes the CPU, AHB and APB busses clocks 
  */
  RCC_OscInitStruct.OscillatorType = RCC_OSCILLATORTYPE_HSE;
  RCC_OscInitStruct.HSEState = RCC_HSE_ON;
  RCC_OscInitStruct.HSEPredivValue = RCC_HSE_PREDIV_DIV1;
  RCC_OscInitStruct.HSIState = RCC_HSI_ON;
  RCC_OscInitStruct.PLL.PLLState = RCC_PLL_ON;
  RCC_OscInitStruct.PLL.PLLSource = RCC_PLLSOURCE_HSE;
  RCC_OscInitStruct.PLL.PLLMUL = RCC_PLL_MUL9;
  if (HAL_RCC_OscConfig(&RCC_OscInitStruct) != HAL_OK)
  {
    Error_Handler();
  }
  /**Initializes the CPU, AHB and APB busses clocks 
  */
  RCC_ClkInitStruct.ClockType = RCC_CLOCKTYPE_HCLK|RCC_CLOCKTYPE_SYSCLK
                              |RCC_CLOCKTYPE_PCLK1|RCC_CLOCKTYPE_PCLK2;
  RCC_ClkInitStruct.SYSCLKSource = RCC_SYSCLKSOURCE_PLLCLK;
  RCC_ClkInitStruct.AHBCLKDivider = RCC_SYSCLK_DIV1;
  RCC_ClkInitStruct.APB1CLKDivider = RCC_HCLK_DIV2;
  RCC_ClkInitStruct.APB2CLKDivider = RCC_HCLK_DIV1;

  if (HAL_RCC_ClockConfig(&RCC_ClkInitStruct, FLASH_LATENCY_2) != HAL_OK)
  {
    Error_Handler();
  }
}

/* USER CODE END 0 */

/**
  * @brief  The application entry point.
  * @retval int
  */
int main(void)
{
	OS_ERR  err;
	OSInit(&err);
  HAL_Init();
	SystemClock_Config();
	//MX_GPIO_Init();  This will also be initialized in BSP initialization
  MX_USART1_UART_Init();	
	/* Create task */
	OSTaskCreate((OS_TCB     *)&StartTaskTCB,                /* Create the start task                                */
				 (CPU_CHAR   *)"start task",
				 (OS_TASK_PTR ) start_task,
				 (void       *) 0,
				 (OS_PRIO     ) START_TASK_PRIO,
				 (CPU_STK    *)&START_TASK_STK[0],
				 (CPU_STK_SIZE) START_STK_SIZE/10,
				 (CPU_STK_SIZE) START_STK_SIZE,
				 (OS_MSG_QTY  ) 0,
				 (OS_TICK     ) 0,
				 (void       *) 0,
				 (OS_OPT      )(OS_OPT_TASK_STK_CHK | OS_OPT_TASK_STK_CLR),
				 (OS_ERR     *)&err);
	/* Start the multitasking system and give control to uC/OS-III */
	OSStart(&err);            /* Start multitasking (i.e. give control to uC/OS-III). */
               
}


void start_task(void *p_arg)
{
	OS_ERR err;
	CPU_SR_ALLOC();
	p_arg = p_arg;
	
	/* YangJie add 2021.05.20*/
  BSP_Init();                                                   /* Initialize BSP functions */
  //CPU_Init();
  //Mem_Init();                                                 /* Initialize Memory Management Module */

#if OS_CFG_STAT_TASK_EN > 0u
   OSStatTaskCPUUsageInit(&err);  		//Statistical tasks                
#endif
	
#ifdef CPU_CFG_INT_DIS_MEAS_EN 			// If enabled, measure the interrupt off time
    CPU_IntDisMeasMaxCurReset();	
#endif

#if 	 OS_CFG_SCHED_ROUND_ROBIN_EN   		// When using time slice rotation
	 //Enable the time slice rotation scheduling function. The time slice length is 1 system clock beat, i.e. 1*5=5ms
	OSSchedRoundRobinCfg(DEF_ENABLED,1,&err);  
#endif		
	
	OS_CRITICAL_ENTER();	//Enter critical zone
	/* Create LED0 task */
	OSTaskCreate((OS_TCB 	* )&Led0TaskTCB,		
				 (CPU_CHAR	* )"led_pc13", 		
                 (OS_TASK_PTR )led_pc13, 			
                 (void		* )0,					
                 (OS_PRIO	  )LED0_TASK_PRIO,     
                 (CPU_STK   * )&LED0_TASK_STK[0],	
                 (CPU_STK_SIZE)LED0_STK_SIZE/10,	
                 (CPU_STK_SIZE)LED0_STK_SIZE,		
                 (OS_MSG_QTY  )0,					
                 (OS_TICK	  )0,					
                 (void   	* )0,					
                 (OS_OPT      )OS_OPT_TASK_STK_CHK|OS_OPT_TASK_STK_CLR,
                 (OS_ERR 	* )&err);		

/* Create LED1 task */
	OSTaskCreate((OS_TCB 	* )&Led1TaskTCB,		
				 (CPU_CHAR	* )"led_pa3", 		
                 (OS_TASK_PTR )led_pa3, 			
                 (void		* )0,					
                 (OS_PRIO	  )LED1_TASK_PRIO,     
                 (CPU_STK   * )&LED1_TASK_STK[0],	
                 (CPU_STK_SIZE)LED1_STK_SIZE/10,	
                 (CPU_STK_SIZE)LED1_STK_SIZE,		
                 (OS_MSG_QTY  )0,					
                 (OS_TICK	  )0,					
                 (void   	* )0,					
                 (OS_OPT      )OS_OPT_TASK_STK_CHK|OS_OPT_TASK_STK_CLR,
                 (OS_ERR 	* )&err);										 
				 
	/* Create MSG task */
	OSTaskCreate((OS_TCB 	* )&MsgTaskTCB,		
				 (CPU_CHAR	* )"send_msg", 		
                 (OS_TASK_PTR )send_msg, 			
                 (void		* )0,					
                 (OS_PRIO	  )MSG_TASK_PRIO,     	
                 (CPU_STK   * )&MSG_TASK_STK[0],	
                 (CPU_STK_SIZE)MSG_STK_SIZE/10,	
                 (CPU_STK_SIZE)MSG_STK_SIZE,		
                 (OS_MSG_QTY  )0,					
                 (OS_TICK	  )0,					
                 (void   	* )0,				
                 (OS_OPT      )OS_OPT_TASK_STK_CHK|OS_OPT_TASK_STK_CLR, 
                 (OS_ERR 	* )&err);
				 
	OS_TaskSuspend((OS_TCB*)&StartTaskTCB,&err);		//Suspend start task			 
	OS_CRITICAL_EXIT();	//Enter critical zone
}
/**
  * Function function: start the task function body.
  * Input parameter: p_arg is the formal parameter passed when the task was created
  * Return value: None
  * Description: None
  */
static  void  led_pc13 (void *p_arg)
{
  OS_ERR      err;

  (void)p_arg;

  BSP_Init();                                                 /* Initialize BSP functions                             */
  CPU_Init();

  Mem_Init();                                                 /* Initialize Memory Management Module                  */

#if OS_CFG_STAT_TASK_EN > 0u
  OSStatTaskCPUUsageInit(&err);                               /* Compute CPU capacity with no task running            */
#endif

  CPU_IntDisMeasMaxCurReset();

  AppTaskCreate();                                            /* Create Application Tasks                             */

  AppObjCreate();                                             /* Create Application Objects                           */

  while (DEF_TRUE)
  {
		HAL_GPIO_WritePin(GPIOC,GPIO_PIN_13,GPIO_PIN_RESET);
		OSTimeDlyHMSM(0, 0, 1, 0,OS_OPT_TIME_HMSM_STRICT,&err);
		HAL_GPIO_WritePin(GPIOC,GPIO_PIN_13,GPIO_PIN_SET);
		OSTimeDlyHMSM(0, 0, 1, 0,OS_OPT_TIME_HMSM_STRICT,&err);
    /* USER CODE END WHILE */

    /* USER CODE BEGIN 3 */
  }
  /* USER CODE END 3 */
}

static  void  led_pa3 (void *p_arg)
{
  OS_ERR      err;

  (void)p_arg;

  BSP_Init();                                                 /* Initialize BSP functions                             */
  CPU_Init();

  Mem_Init();                                                 /* Initialize Memory Management Module                  */

#if OS_CFG_STAT_TASK_EN > 0u
  OSStatTaskCPUUsageInit(&err);                               /* Compute CPU capacity with no task running            */
#endif

  CPU_IntDisMeasMaxCurReset();

  AppTaskCreate();                                            /* Create Application Tasks                             */

  AppObjCreate();                                             /* Create Application Objects                           */

  while (DEF_TRUE)
  {
		HAL_GPIO_WritePin(GPIOA,GPIO_PIN_3,GPIO_PIN_RESET);
		OSTimeDlyHMSM(0, 0, 3, 0,OS_OPT_TIME_HMSM_STRICT,&err);
		HAL_GPIO_WritePin(GPIOA,GPIO_PIN_3,GPIO_PIN_SET);
		OSTimeDlyHMSM(0, 0, 3, 0,OS_OPT_TIME_HMSM_STRICT,&err);
    /* USER CODE END WHILE */

    /* USER CODE BEGIN 3 */
  }
  /* USER CODE END 3 */
}

static  void  send_msg (void *p_arg)
{
  OS_ERR      err;

  (void)p_arg;

  BSP_Init();                                                 /* Initialize BSP functions                             */
  CPU_Init();

  Mem_Init();                                                 /* Initialize Memory Management Module                  */

#if OS_CFG_STAT_TASK_EN > 0u
  OSStatTaskCPUUsageInit(&err);                               /* Compute CPU capacity with no task running            */
#endif

  CPU_IntDisMeasMaxCurReset();

  AppTaskCreate();                                            /* Create Application Tasks                             */

  AppObjCreate();                                             /* Create Application Objects                           */

  while (DEF_TRUE)
  {
			printf("hello uc/OS \r\n");
		OSTimeDlyHMSM(0, 0, 2, 0,OS_OPT_TIME_HMSM_STRICT,&err);
    /* USER CODE END WHILE */

    /* USER CODE BEGIN 3 */
  }
  /* USER CODE END 3 */
}


/* USER CODE BEGIN 4 */
/**
  * Function function: create application task
  * Input parameter: p_arg is the formal parameter passed when the task was created
  * Return value: None
  * Description: None
  */
static  void  AppTaskCreate (void)
{
  
}


/**
  * Function function: uCOSIII kernel object creation
  * Input parameters: None
  * Return value: None
  * Description: None
  */
static  void  AppObjCreate (void)
{

}

/* USER CODE END 4 */

/**
  * @brief  This function is executed in case of error occurrence.
  * @retval None
  */
void Error_Handler(void)
{
  /* USER CODE BEGIN Error_Handler_Debug */
  /* User can add his own implementation to report the HAL error return state */

  /* USER CODE END Error_Handler_Debug */
}

#ifdef  USE_FULL_ASSERT
/**
  * @brief  Reports the name of the source file and the source line number
  *         where the assert_param error has occurred.
  * @param  file: pointer to the source file name
  * @param  line: assert_param error line source number
  * @retval None
  */
void assert_failed(uint8_t *file, uint32_t line)
{ 
  /* USER CODE BEGIN 6 */
  /* User can add his own implementation to report the file name and line number,
     tex: printf("Wrong parameters value: file %s on line %d\r\n", file, line) */
  /* USER CODE END 6 */
}
#endif /* USE_FULL_ASSERT */

/************************ (C) COPYRIGHT STMicroelectronics *****END OF FILE****/

(6) Modify the code of the rest of the file

1. Find the file startup_

Place pendsv at_ Handler and systick_ Change handler to OS_CPU_PendSVHandler and OS_CPU_SysTickHandler


2. Find the file app_cfg.h

Add #define app_ CFG_ SERIAL_ EN DEF_ Change enabled to #define APP_CFG_SERIAL_EN DEF_DISABLED

Add #define app_ TRACE BSP_ Ser_ Change printf to #define APP_TRACE(void)

3. Find the file includes.h

  • Add at 3.1#include < BSP. H >
#include"gpio.h"
#include "app_cfg.h"

  • 3.2 set #include < stm32f10x_ Change lib. H > to #include < stm32f1xx_ hal.h>

    4. Add the following code to the USART. C file to complete the printf redirection
/* USER CODE BEGIN 1 */
int fputc(int ch,FILE *f){
	HAL_UART_Transmit(&huart1,(uint8_t *)&ch,1,0xffff);
	return ch;
}
/* USER CODE END 1 */

Remember to add the header file #include "stdio.h" at this time

(6) Parameter configuration


4, Burning and results

5, Summary

This experiment transplants uCOS based on HAL library. The process is cumbersome and more careful. Functions need to be modified. Code compilation does not report errors, but it cannot run. There may be errors in some steps in the configuration process.

Vi. references

STM32CubeMX HAL library + STM32F407+uCOS-III migration
STM32F103C8T6 porting uCOS based on HAL Library

Tags: Embedded system stm32

Posted on Mon, 29 Nov 2021 23:05:04 -0500 by matte