Troubleshooting of CentOS 7 failure to execute yum command

Introduction:   This article mainly explains the troubleshooting methods for common problems such as the failure of executing yum command in CentOS 7 system.


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1. Execute the yum command and report 404 error

1) Check whether the yum warehouse is configured correctly. You can go to CentOS image Download the Alibaba cloud repo configuration file.
2) If the error message contains the $releasever variable, execute RPM - QA | grep CentOS release to confirm whether CentOS release is installed. If it is not installed, you can execute the following command to download the installation package for installation.

wget https://mirrors.aliyun.com/centos/7/os/x86_64/Packages/centos-release-7-7.1908.0.el7.centos.x86_64.rpm
rpm -ivh centos-release-7-7.1908.0.el7.centos.x86_64.rpm

2. Execute the yum install command to prompt the failed error

1) From the error report, you can see the following information. Here, take the installation of Telnet as an example.

ERROR UNpacking rpm package 1: telnet-0.17-64.e17.x86_64
error: unpacking of archive failed on file /usr/bin/telnet´╝Ť5e785bc7: cpio: open

2) Please execute the lsattr command to check the permissions of / usr/bin directory. It is found that the directory has i attribute, so the file cannot be written. Execute the following command to release the i attribute of the directory.

chattr -i /usr/bin

3. Execute the yum command to prompt that the Python interpreter does not exist

When executing the yum command, you will be prompted with the following error message.

-bash: /usr/bin/yum: /usr/bin/python: bad interpreter: No such file or directory

Description: yum is a python script.

1) Execute the following command to view the yum path.

cat /usr/bin/yum

The system will return the following path.

#!/usr/bin/python

2) Execute the following command to check the path of the above view.

ls -al /usr/bin/python

Python may be uninstalled, renamed, or moved if the system returns the following information.

ls: cannot access /usr/bin/python: No such file or directory

Please refer to the following steps for troubleshooting.

  • Execute the following command to see if the installation package exists.
rpm -qa | grep python

The system returns the following information.

python-decorator-3.4.0-3.el7.noarch
libselinux-python-2.5-14.1.el7.x86_64
python-backports-1.0-8.el7.x86_64
python-pyudev-0.15-9.el7.noarch
rpm-python-4.11.3-35.el7.x86_64
python-2.7.5-76.el7.x86_64
.....
  • Execute the following command to view Python related files.
ls -al /usr/bin/python*

The system returns the following information.

lrwxrwxrwx  1 root root   14 Feb 15  2019 /usr/bin/python-config -> python2-config
lrwxrwxrwx. 1 root root    7 Feb 15  2019 /usr/bin/python.bak -> python2
lrwxrwxrwx. 1 root root    9 Feb 15  2019 /usr/bin/python2 -> python2.7
lrwxrwxrwx  1 root root   16 Feb 15  2019 /usr/bin/python2-config -> python2.7-config
-rwxr-xr-x. 1 root root 7216 Oct 31  2018 /usr/bin/python2.7
-rwxr-xr-x  1 root root 1835 Oct 31  2018 /usr/bin/python2.7-config

Please refer to the following scenarios according to the returned information.
1) Check whether / usr/bin/python.bak has been renamed. If it is found that it has been renamed, manually change it back to normal.
2) If no Python related files are found, it is determined that Python has been uninstalled.

  • Please find a normal instance of the same system and execute the following command.
mkdir /python/
yum install python --downloadonly --downloaddir=/python/
  • Execute the following command to pass the rpm package in / python / to the exception instance.
scp /python/* root@x.x.x.x:/tmp/

Note >: x.x.x.x refers to the host address to be accessed. The premise is that the host has public network access and can copy files to the host.

  • Execute the following command to install Python on the exception instance.
cd /tmp
rpm -ivh *

This article is transferred from:   Troubleshooting method for CentOS 7 failure to execute yum command - Alibaba cloud developer community

Tags: node.js Front-end Alibaba Cloud

Posted on Thu, 25 Nov 2021 13:52:29 -0500 by phpparty