Add visualization + code comment of GitHub project: graph revolutionary networks in pytorch

Add visualization + code comment of GitHub project: graph revolutionary networks in pytorch

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Original project GitHub (no result visualization):

Graph Convolutional Networks in PyTorch

#####Visualization + code comment GitHub:

Modification of Graph Convolutional Networks in PyTorch

Visualization results display

Visualization is completed by visdom, and data dimensionality reduction is completed by t-SNE algorithm.

Dimension reduction to 2D:

Reduce dimension to 3D:

code annotation
import math

import torch

from torch.nn.parameter import Parameter
from torch.nn.modules.module import Module

class GraphConvolution(Module):
    Simple GCN layer, similar to
    '''Defining the properties of an object'''
    def __init__(self, in_features, out_features, bias=True):
        super(GraphConvolution, self).__init__()
        self.in_features = in_features
        self.out_features = out_features
        self.weight = Parameter(torch.FloatTensor(in_features, out_features))           # in_features × out_features
        if bias:
            self.bias = Parameter(torch.FloatTensor(out_features))
            self.register_parameter('bias', None)

    '''Generating weights'''
    def reset_parameters(self):
        stdv = 1. / math.sqrt(self.weight.size(1)), stdv)          # . uniform(): fills the sensor with values sampled from a uniform distribution.
        if self.bias is not None:
  , stdv)

    '''Forward propagation of Within one floor: that is, the calculation method of this floor: A_hat * X * W '''
    def forward(self, input, adj):
        support =, self.weight)          # Matrix multiply, input and weight realize matrix point multiplication.
        output = torch.spmm(adj, support)               # torch.spmm: sparse matrix multiplication, sp is sparse.
        if self.bias is not None:
            return output + self.bias
            return output

    '''Express an object in the form of string for identification, and display information when the terminal calls'''
    def __repr__(self):
        return self.__class__.__name__ + ' (' \
               + str(self.in_features) + ' -> ' \
               + str(self.out_features) + ')'
import torch.nn as nn
import torch.nn.functional as F
from pygcn.layers import GraphConvolution

'''GCN class'''
class GCN(nn.Module):
    def __init__(self, nfeat, nhid, nclass, dropout):
        super(GCN, self).__init__()

        self.gc1 = GraphConvolution(nfeat, nhid)        # First floor
        self.gc2 = GraphConvolution(nhid, nclass)       # The second floor
        self.dropout = dropout                          # Define dropout

    '''Forward propagation of Inter layer: forward propagation mode of the whole network: relu(gc1) --> dropout --> gc2 --> log_softmax'''
    def forward(self, x, adj):
        x = F.relu(self.gc1(x, adj))
        x = F.dropout(x, self.dropout,
        x = self.gc2(x, adj)
        return F.log_softmax(x, dim=1)
from __future__ import division
from __future__ import print_function

# Path initialization
import os, sys
curPath = os.path.abspath(os.path.dirname(__file__))
rootPath = os.path.split(curPath)[0]
# print(sys.path)
print('Path initialization finished!\n')

# Visual add path
from time import time
from sklearn import manifold, datasets

# visdom display module
from visdom import Visdom

import time
import argparse
import numpy as np

import torch
import torch.nn.functional as F
import torch.optim as optim

from pygcn.utils import load_data, accuracy
from pygcn.models import GCN

def show_Hyperparameter(args):
    argsDict = args.__dict__
    print('the settings are as following:\n')
    for key in argsDict:

def train(epoch):
    t = time.time()
    '''When calculating the output, calculate the output for all nodes'''
    output = model(features, adj)
    '''Loss function, which only calculates the nodes of training set, that is, the optimization is only carried out on the data of training set'''
    loss_train = F.nll_loss(output[idx_train], labels[idx_train])
    # Calculation accuracy
    acc_train = accuracy(output[idx_train], labels[idx_train])
    # Back propagation
    # optimization

    '''fastmode ? '''
    if not args.fastmode:
        # Evaluate validation set performance separately,
        # deactivates dropout during validation run.
        output = model(features, adj)

    '''Validation set loss and accuracy '''
    loss_val = F.nll_loss(output[idx_val], labels[idx_val])
    acc_val = accuracy(output[idx_val], labels[idx_val])
    '''Output training set+Validation set loss and accuracy '''
    print('Epoch: {:04d}'.format(epoch+1),
          'loss_train: {:.4f}'.format(loss_train.item()),
          'acc_train: {:.4f}'.format(acc_train.item()),
          'loss_val: {:.4f}'.format(loss_val.item()),
          'acc_val: {:.4f}'.format(acc_val.item()),
          'time: {:.4f}s'.format(time.time() - t))

def test():
    output = model(features, adj)
    loss_test = F.nll_loss(output[idx_test], labels[idx_test])
    acc_test = accuracy(output[idx_test], labels[idx_test])
    print("Test set results:",
          "loss= {:.4f}".format(loss_test.item()),
          "accuracy= {:.4f}".format(acc_test.item()))
    return output                                                   # Visual return output

# t-SNE dimension reduction
def t_SNE(output, dimention):
    # output: data to be dimensioned down
    # Dimension: dimension reduced to
    tsne = manifold.TSNE(n_components=dimention, init='pca', random_state=0)
    result = tsne.fit_transform(output)
    return result

# Visualization with visdom
def Visualization(result, labels):
        X =  result,
        Y = labels+1,           # Change the minimum value of label from 0 to 1. The label cannot be 0 when displayed
       opts=dict(markersize=5,title='Dimension reduction to %dD' %(result.shape[1])),

'''Code main function start'''
# Training settings
parser = argparse.ArgumentParser()
parser.add_argument('--no-cuda', action='store_true', default=False,
                    help='Disables CUDA training.')
parser.add_argument('--fastmode', action='store_true', default=False,
                    help='Validate during training pass.')
parser.add_argument('--seed', type=int, default=42, help='Random seed.')
parser.add_argument('--epochs', type=int, default=200,
                    help='Number of epochs to train.')
parser.add_argument('--lr', type=float, default=0.01,
                    help='Initial learning rate.')
parser.add_argument('--weight_decay', type=float, default=5e-4,
                    help='Weight decay (L2 loss on parameters).')
parser.add_argument('--hidden', type=int, default=16,
                    help='Number of hidden units.')
parser.add_argument('--dropout', type=float, default=0.5,
                    help='Dropout rate (1 - keep probability).')

args = parser.parse_args()

# Display args

# Use CUDA or not
args.cuda = not args.no_cuda and torch.cuda.is_available()

if args.cuda:

# Load data
adj, features, labels, idx_train, idx_val, idx_test = load_data()           # Return the labels to be used for visualization

# Model
model = GCN(nfeat=features.shape[1],
            nclass=labels.max().item() + 1,
# optimizer
optimizer = optim.Adam(model.parameters(),
             , weight_decay=args.weight_decay)

# to CUDA
if args.cuda:
    features = features.cuda()
    adj = adj.cuda()
    labels = labels.cuda()
    idx_train = idx_train.cuda()
    idx_val = idx_val.cuda()
    idx_test = idx_test.cuda()

# Train model
t_total = time.time()
for epoch in range(args.epochs):
print("Optimization Finished!")
print("Total time elapsed: {:.4f}s".format(time.time() - t_total))

# Testing
output=test()           # Return to output

# Format conversion of output

# # View result information
# print(result)
# print(type(result))     # <class 'numpy.ndarray'>
# print(result.shape)     # (2708, 2)
# print(labels)
# print(type(labels))     # <class 'numpy.ndarray'>
# print(labels.shape)     # (2708, 2)

# Visualization with visdom

import numpy as np
import scipy.sparse as sp
import torch

def encode_onehot(labels):
    classes = set(labels)       # The set() function creates an unordered set of distinct elements

    # The enumerate() function generates a sequence with index i and value c.
    # This sentence changes the label of string type to that of int type to establish the mapping relationship
    classes_dict = {c: np.identity(len(classes))[i, :] for i, c in
    # map() maps the specified sequence based on the function provided.
    # This sentence replaces the label of string type with the label of int type
    labels_onehot = np.array(list(map(classes_dict.get, labels)),
    # Return label of type int
    return labels_onehot

'''data fetch'''
# Change the path. Changed from.. / to C:\Users416\PycharmProjects\PyGCN
def load_data(path="C:/Users/73416/PycharmProjects/PyGCN_Visualization/data/cora/", dataset="cora"):
    """Load citation network dataset (cora only for now)"""
    print('Loading {} dataset...'.format(dataset))
    ''' cora.content Introduction:
    cora.content There are 2708 lines in total, each line represents a sample point, that is, a paper.
    //Each line consists of three parts:
    //Is the number of the paper, such as 31336;
    //The word vector of the paper, a 1433 bit binary;
    //Categories of papers, such as neural u networks. Total 7 categories (label)
    //The first is the paper number, the last is the paper category, and the middle is the feature

    '''read feature and label'''
    # Read the dataset file as a string: the respective information.
    idx_features_labels = np.genfromtxt("{}{}.content".format(path, dataset),

    # CSR matrix: Compressed Sparse Row marix, compression of sparse np.array
    # Idx ﹣ features ﹣ labels [:, 1: - 1] means to skip the paper number and paper category, and only take its own information (feature of node)
    features = sp.csr_matrix(idx_features_labels[:, 1:-1], dtype=np.float32)

    # Idx ﹣ features ﹣ labels [:, - 1] means that only the last one, i.e. paper category, is taken, and the return value is a label of type int
    labels = encode_onehot(idx_features_labels[:, -1])

    # build graph
    # IDX? Features? Labelsidx? Features? Labels [:, 0] means the paper number
    idx = np.array(idx_features_labels[:, 0], dtype=np.int32)

    # By establishing the sequence of thesis serial number, the dictionary of thesis serial number is obtained
    idx_map = {j: i for i, j in enumerate(idx)}
    edges_unordered = np.genfromtxt("{}{}.cites".format(path, dataset),
    # Mapping the serial number of a paper
    # The paper number is not used, it needs to be renumbered (starting from 0), and then the original number is replaced.
    # So the purpose is to change the discrete original number into a continuous number of 0 - 2707
    edges = np.array(list(map(idx_map.get, edges_unordered.flatten())),

    # Coo matrix(): compression of coefficient matrix. Define the non-zero elements, row and col corresponding to each non-zero element, and finally define the shape of sparse matrix.
    adj = sp.coo_matrix((np.ones(edges.shape[0]), (edges[:, 0], edges[:, 1])),
                        shape=(labels.shape[0], labels.shape[0]),

    # build symmetric adjacency matrix
    adj = adj + adj.T.multiply(adj.T > adj) - adj.multiply(adj.T > adj)

    # feature and adj normalization
    features = normalize(features)
    adj = normalize(adj + sp.eye(adj.shape[0]))

    # train set, validation set, test set.
    idx_train = range(140)
    idx_val = range(200, 500)
    idx_test = range(500, 1500)

    # Data type to sensor
    features = torch.FloatTensor(np.array(features.todense()))
    labels = torch.LongTensor(np.where(labels)[1])
    adj = sparse_mx_to_torch_sparse_tensor(adj)

    idx_train = torch.LongTensor(idx_train)
    idx_val = torch.LongTensor(idx_val)
    idx_test = torch.LongTensor(idx_test)

    # Return data
    return adj, features, labels, idx_train, idx_val, idx_test

'''Normalization function'''
def normalize(mx):
    """Row-normalize sparse matrix"""
    rowsum = np.array(mx.sum(1))
    r_inv = np.power(rowsum, -1).flatten()
    r_inv[np.isinf(r_inv)] = 0.
    r_mat_inv = sp.diags(r_inv)
    mx =
    return mx

'''Calculation accuracy'''
def accuracy(output, labels):
    preds = output.max(1)[1].type_as(labels)
    correct = preds.eq(labels).double()
    correct = correct.sum()
    return correct / len(labels)

'''Sparse matrix to sparse tensor'''
def sparse_mx_to_torch_sparse_tensor(sparse_mx):
    """Convert a scipy sparse matrix to a torch sparse tensor."""
    sparse_mx = sparse_mx.tocoo().astype(np.float32)
    indices = torch.from_numpy(
        np.vstack((sparse_mx.row, sparse_mx.col)).astype(np.int64))
    values = torch.from_numpy(
    shape = torch.Size(sparse_mx.shape)
    return torch.sparse.FloatTensor(indices, values, shape)
    """Convert a scipy sparse matrix to a torch sparse tensor."""
    sparse_mx = sparse_mx.tocoo().astype(np.float32)
    indices = torch.from_numpy(
        np.vstack((sparse_mx.row, sparse_mx.col)).astype(np.int64))
    values = torch.from_numpy(
    shape = torch.Size(sparse_mx.shape)
    return torch.sparse.FloatTensor(indices, values, shape)
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Posted on Fri, 07 Feb 2020 10:45:25 -0500 by nikkio3000