Firstly, clarify the concept of Tcp and conduct interface test for Tcp protocol, which refers to the upper layer protocols based on Tcp protocol, such as Http, serial port, network port, Socket, etc. These protocols are similar to the Http test method (see the interface automation test section for details), but some adjustments need to be made during the test process.
Socket is also known as socket. Processes can communicate through the socket, so that multiple devices have the ability to interact. Socket is suitable for applications with strict requirements on transmission speed and security, such as the transmission of test data between the mobile phone kernel and the outside world. Socket devices support not only computers, but also mobile terminals. If you test the socket protocol, you need to have the ability to send and receive socket data or the ability to proxy sockets.
The following figure shows the normal Socket communication process:
If you test the Socket protocol, you need to make the following modifications, that is, use the Socket agent to receive Socket data:
Special attention should be paid to changing the Socket address before using the agent. Take Python's Socket as an example. Here is a simple Socket client and server:
# client import socket # Import socket module s = socket.socket() # Create socket object host = '127.0.0.1' # Get local host name port = 12345 # Set port number s.connect((host, port)) print(s.recv(1024).decode()) s.close()
# Server import socket # Import socket module s = socket.socket() # Create socket object host = '127.0.0.1' # Get local host name port = 12345 # Set port s.bind((host, port)) # Binding port s.listen(5) # Waiting for client connection while True: c,addr = s.accept() # Establish client connection print(addr) c.send('Receive the message'.encode()) c.close() # Close connection
The client can communicate with the server, but the Socket address cannot be changed, that is, the 127.0.0.1 and 12345 ports of the above client code cannot be changed through the configuration file. If both cannot be changed, the road to the agent is blocked:
How to modify? Taking the client code as an example, you can configure host and port through the configuration file:
import socket import yaml # Configure the host and port through the configuration file with open("config.yaml","r", encoding="utf-8") as f: data = yaml.safe_load(f) host = data.get("host") port = data.get("port") s = socket.socket() s.connect((host, port)) print(s.recv(1024).decode()) s.close()
The contents of config.yaml are as follows:
host: "127.0.0.1" port: 12345
The above changes can make the application go through the Socket agent. Testers also need a suitable proxy tool, which recommends mitmproxy or self writing Socket proxy. Please refer to:
Mitmproxy official website: https://www.mitmproxy.org/
Other protocols, such as serial port, network port, visa, etc., are similar to the Socket test mode, and can be briefly described with the same diagram:
Other agreements are more unpopular than Sokcet, and there is no suitable agency tool. Testers need to write their own agents, such as serial port protocol. Although Python supports pymaterial to send and receive serial ports, it has no agents. At this time, the tester needs to write the serial port agent tool by himself. In this process, two monitoring services need to be started. As shown in the figure below, monitoring service A monitors port 123. If data comes in, it will be transmitted (or changed to mock) to port 456. The same is true for monitoring service B:
Using two monitoring services, you can write any protocol, but pay attention to the shortcomings. The data transmission time will increase. If you pay too much attention to performance, use this scheme with caution. The following is the reference code, in which only the key logic is retained:
def forward(self): """ Turn on listening :return: """ while True: # Request received from virtual serial port virtual_req = self.virtual_ser.recv() if b'' == virtual_req: continue if self.is_call_back: # Return a null value and let mock_server decides what to return real_result = b"" else: # Wait for the real device to appear if self.real_ser is None : # Code omission # Forward the request to the real serial port real_result = self.real_ser.write_by_bytes(virtual_req) # Get the result of mock, where you can join the mock operation mock_result = self.mock_server.mock(virtual_req, real_result) # Write mock result to virtual serial port self.virtual_ser.send(mock_result)
Again, the application needs to support port modification before using the agent tool. This part needs to communicate with the development and put forward modification requirements.
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